This Coronavirus has the whole world on the edge, and I don’t blame anyone, going the extra mile when it comes to this virus but first let’s gain some knowledge about the virus.
Coronaviruses were first discovered in the late 1960s. The earliest discoveries were animal chickens who had an infectious bronchitis virus and two human patients with the common cold (later named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43) but the coronaviruses are relatively a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds.
In humans, coronaviruses causes respiratory tract infections that can be mild, such as some cases of the common cold and others can be more lethal, such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), and COVID-19 which are all different types of respiratory infections that can range from mild to severe with fever, dry hurtful coughing, diarrhea and shortness of breath which can be more deadly for people with other health problems but typically, mortality is about one-third of diagnosed cases.
According to the CDC, the virus can be spread person to person within six feet through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes but what’s the most scary part about the virus is that fact, that it’s possible for the virus to remain on a surface or object that can be transferred by touch and enter the body through the mouth, eyes, or nose and two to fourteen days will be the full length for a person to develop symptoms after initial exposure to the virus.
Once the virus, gets inside the body, it begins to infect the epithelial cells in the lining of the lung; a protein on the receptors of the virus can attach to a host cell’s receptors and penetrate the cell. Inside the cell, the virus begins to replicate until it kills the cell.
First, it takes place in the upper respiratory tract, which includes the nose, mouth, larynx and bronchi and then the infected person starts to experience mild versions of dry cough, shortness of breath, fever and headache and muscle pain and tiredness, similar to the flu but worst.
The virus major target is the lungs, it continues to replicate and journeys further down the windpipe into the lungs which can cause severe respiratory problems like bronchitis and pneumonia.
However, if the virus causes too much damage to the lungs, then the lungs will not get enough oxygen to supply the lungs and the rest of the body which could lead to respiratory failure or to organ failure which ultimately, leads to death.
Now, the most important thing about this virus is protecting yourself by socially distancing yourself from person to person contact within six feet of each other, cleaning your hands with soap and water often for at least twenty to thirty seconds, avoid touching your face, eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, staying home, if you can, and clean and disinfect frequently and lastly, avoid contact with people or relatives who are sick.
What I can say is, this is very serious, and this is only month three of the New Year but once again, we must stay hopeful, be safe and well, people.